Water, together with air, is of vital importance for the survival of man; two thirds of the human body is made up of water. A man can go for a long time without eating, but without drinking he cannot go beyond two or three days. It has always been an indispensable and precious resource for man and for every living being; in primitive culture the feminine principle of fertility was considered. Water is present in every cell of the body and obese individuals have a lower body percentage than lean individuals. Drinking is really as essential as getting hydrated and it is good not to drink only when you are thirsty, but much earlier to avoid dehydration and you should not drink during meals or do it in limited quantities. Water is essential for per le digestive functions
and for the assimilation of foods, it helps to control body temperature and to disperse heat with sweating, acting as a buffer, protecting the brain and spinal cord. It serves as a lubricant, is the foundation of our saliva, is the best detoxifying agent, helps regulate metabolism and plays an important role in disease prevention. It is important to drink because it contributes to the elimination of waste substances from the body through sweat and urine; it helps to keep the walls of the ears, nose and eyes properly moist and promotes muscle development in people who practice physical activity. It promotes adequate lubrication of the joints by producing synovial fluid, a clear, slightly viscous and stringy fluid which, thanks to its lubricating property, protects the joints from wear and tear. Do not forget that it has an aesthetic effect as the water gives shape and stiffness to the fabrics. Drink aBere un glass of warm water in the morningo
promotes intestinal peristalsis, or levacuation, counteracting constipation; it would be advisable to ingest at least 300/550 ml as the body did not receive liquids during rest. The consumption of cold water during meals can cause digestive problems, while away from meals it favors the appearance of stomach cramps and pains; it would therefore be advisable to drink water at room temperature even in summer. The sugary drinks
they should be limited or eliminated because they sharply raise the blood sugar level causing a reduction in the sense of hunger, but only momentarily. The daily amount of water to be consumed ranges from 1200 to 2000 ml, which is equivalent to six to ten glasses, but these values should be increased in some situations. In the case of water leaks when you have vomiting or diarrhea; when there is, in addition to physical activity, an increase in sweating such as in feverish states or in particularly hot climates. During pregnancy, a daily consumption of water of 2100 ml is indicated, while in the lactation phase, the amount rises to 3100. It is thought that drinking helps to lose weight, but it is not quite so: drink 4/5 liters of water a day without doing physical activity or in some climatic conditions, slows digestion and increases blood pressure. The urine can tell us if we are drinking enough water or the quantity is low: if they are colorless or slightly golden-yellow and do not smell, the water taken is enough. If the water we drink was not enough, the urine would be yellow or dark yellow and would give off an unpleasant odor. The blood is composed, in addition to other substances, of water and therefore, the less you drink the more the blood fluid thickens and this is not favorable for the heart, which has to try harder to send the liquid into the body. Water makes you lose weight We often hear that drinking at least two liters of water a day helps you lose weight; drinking too much water in the hope of losing weight can even be dangerous to your health. If water is drunk as a substitute for fruit juices, sweetened drinks or alcohol, it can be beneficial for weight loss; drinking one or two glasses before meals helps to stimulate the sense of satiety, thus reducing the amount of food ingested. In people who drink little it can happen that a need for water is confused with a need for food. A correct intake of water favors the elimination of toxins from the body and an excess of these, due to the low intake of water, could have a fattening effect, as well as unhealthy.oco salutare.