During the day, a regular intake of liquids, especially ordinary water, accompanied by 5 small portions of seasonal vegetables should be sufficient to prevent all the catastrophic consequences of dehydration, even at the initial stage. It should also be emphasized that a subject practicing intense physical activity will have a greater need to replenish both the liquids lost during sweating, but even more all the mineral salts released. At that point, plain tap water won't be enough. Before, during and after an intensive workout, the sportsman must sip specific drinks specially formulated for the reintegration of liquids, salts and energy.a.
The classification of energy drinks
On the market, on the shelves of supermarkets, or in specific stores, we now find an incredible amount of drinks for sportsmen that aim to prevent dehydration. But perhaps not everyone knows that they can be classified into three distinct groups normally written on the label:):
HYPOTONIC drinks – they give a quick rehydration, but due to a low carbohydrate content, they do not have a good energy charge
ISOTONIC drinks – they give a quick rehydration, and also a good dose of energy
HYPERTONIC drinks – they give a lot of energy thanks to carbohydrates, but cause severe dehydration
What is the moolarity of a liquiddo
It corresponds to the actual number of molecules present within a formulation. When it comes to sports drinks, the particles will represent mineral salts also called electrolytes and carbohydrates sugars. The molecularity of human plasma blood is between 280 and 330 mOsm per kilogram, and varies according to sugars, proteins and sodium. An ISOTONIC drink will have roughly the same osmolarity as blood, although it varies in content. While the HYPOTONIC and HYPERTONIC ones will have a respectively lower and higher osmolarity than human plasma. Why ISOTONIC drinks are preferred Because by consuming those with low osmolarity, common non-enriched tap water, the mineral salts contained in the blood are diluted, and this certainly worsens in some way the already compromised state of a sportsman during training or competition. By consuming a high osmolar drink, on the other hand, all liquids are conveyed to the intestine, for the principle of OSMOSIS see below. This causes severe diarrhea and faster dehydration. Basically, HYPOTONIC drinks can be taken BEFORE training or competition, ISOTONIC drinks during and HYPERTONIC drinks after exertion, to recover energy, only if hydration has remained constant before and during training or competition.è rimasta costante.
The Herbalife choice
A rehydrating drink must therefore have some fundamental properties in its formulation, but it must also be pleasant in terms of taste otherwise even the healthiest sportsman would find it difficult to drink it continuously and at a slightly chilled temperature. Never drink frozen drinks taken straight from the refrigerator! The body should work to warm them up and bring them to room temperature before they can be used for purposes more consistent with physical exertion. Herbalife always has an eye for the prevention of dehydration and excessive loss of mineral salts. An excellent formulation has been created in the Herbalife laboratories,e, H³O Pro™
, an electrolytic drink therefore rich in salts and with sufficient carbohydrates to give energy and vigor to the athlete, before and during training or competition. The moolarity of di H³O Pro™
corresponds to 280-300 mOsm per kilogram which, as mentioned above, is really ideal during physical exertion, because it is similar to plasma. This energy drink keeps the levels of liquids, salts and carbohydrates within the body constant. It provides only 137 kcal per sachet and is enriched with vitamins E and C, perfect for preventing oxidative stress.o.
What is OSMOSISSI
We hear a lot about osmosis, but ultimately, what it is It is basically a chemical phenomenon that occurs by contrasting two solutions with a different concentration, where different quantities of a certain substance are dissolved. Between the two solutions there is a kind of thin membrane which, however, is partially permeable, with microscopic holes that allow a constant passage of particles of liquid water. Through these small pores, however, the other substances cannot pass and remain in their own solution. Water has a tendency to pass from one side to the other, or from the less concentrated solution to the more concentrated one, in order to re-establish a sort of liquid balance. And this is exactly what happens constantly inside our body; the water but also the urea moves through the cell membranes in order to redistribute the right amount of liquid where there is a greater need; the same thing, however, the molecules of glucose, amino acids and proteins cannot do. Here, taking the example of the HYPERTONIC drink, when there are many carbohydrates that act in the intestine, the principle of OSMOSIS will ensure that the water moves towards the intestine to restore a correct balance. And this certainly does not benefit the sportsman, who instead has a constant need for fluids in the muscles and throughout the body in general, not only in the intestine. nell’intestino.