Diabetes mellitus: symptoms and advice

Diet advice
Diabete mellito: sintomi e consigli
Diabetes, or rather diabetes mellitus, is a disease characterized by the occurrence of a persistent instability of the level glycemic in the blood. Instability is given by changes in blood glucose, going from an excessive amount to a low amount. In the case of an excessive amount of glucose one speaks of hyperglycemia and in the opposite case of hypoglycemia. To date, the population suffering from it is estimated to be around 5% and about 90% of the latter suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Differences: type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus

Type 1 diabetes mellitus is classified as autoimmune disease and it entails insulin deficiency. Type 2 diabetes mellitus does not involve insulin deficiency like type 1 and therefore the individual who suffers from it it is not insulin dependent. It is usually treated with adjustments to the diet and with the increase ofphysical exercise but if all this is not enough, then we resort to the administration of drugs (such as insulin).

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The most common symptoms of an individual suffering from diabetes are:

  • Feeling tired 
  • Blurred vision
  • continues seven
  • Unprovoked weight loss
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • High blood sugar --> hyperglycemia (involving high blood sugar)
The symptoms just mentioned all come from hyperglycemia and the severity of the latter.

When and how do they appear?

diabetes mellitus 1

Type 1 diabetes mellitus occurs under i 20 years, during puberty, and usually begins suddenly and magically appears within weeks or months.

diabetes mellitus 2

Type 2 diabetes mellitus, on the other hand, can occur at any age but taking a look at the statistics it emerges that it develops more in adults come on 35 to 40 years old. Unlike type 1 diabetes mellitus, it begins very slowly and can take years before giving symptoms. Even when it gives symptoms there is the possibility that they are so mild that the individual does not perceive them as a real problem and sometimes it is diagnosed to patients who have had other types of laboratory tests performed.

Proper diet for diabetics: advice for various cases

Nutrition in the life of the diabetic is essential. The individual must follow a balanced diet in order to have a correct lifestyle. Its weight should approach the weight shape, also called BMI (Body Mass Index) and is calculated like this: IMC = m / h² Simplification and example: body mass of an individual, example 70 kg, divided by height squared--> example 1,75m² = 3,0625  Our example has body mass index =  70 / 3,0625 = 22,857 Once you have this number: 22,857 (which we remember to be the body mass index) we just have to consult the reference table which allows us to understand which weight category we belong to.

What emerges from our example?

Our hypothetical male individual is within the optimal weight for his height and body mass and therefore does not have to make major changes. Let's take another example with an individual not in optimal weight: Body mass: 90 kg Height: 1,65 m IMC = 90 / 1,65² (2,7225) = 33,057 Observing the table and assuming that the individual in question belongs to the female sex, it emerges that he is in a situation of 1st degree obesity. To get closer to your ideal weight, you can follow a low calorie diet, which involves a daily caloric / energy intake lower than that required by the body.

Diet advice

As soon as you have located the number of calorie to be consumed daily that allow the individual to lose weight gradually, the caloric quota must be divided into three meals and two snacks, for instance: Breakfast  - Snack - Lunch - Snack - price From a quantitative point of view, the caloric quota must be divided into: 50% Of carbohydrates that we can find in bread, pasta, rice, fruit, etc. 30% Of fat 20% Of proteins that we can find in milk, meat, legumes, etc.

Final tips

  • Check And to limit the taking of desserts, such as cookies, candies, honey, cakes that contain large amounts of simple sugars
  • to prefer foods rich in fiber which allow us to slow down the absorption of simple sugars, keeping blood sugar more stable
  • To consume in moderate quantities fruit and favor fresh juice over fruit juices, which are full of simple sugars
  • To consume in moderate quantities also i fat (example of very fatty foods: cured meats, sauces, fried food, ice cream, etc.) as they are a problem in case of overweight

What about Herbalife products?

Can people with diabetes also take them?

There is nothing against it but clearly the Advice that we give is to to consult your doctor or dietician and ask explicitly whether or not he recommends the use of shakes rather than meal replacement bars.

Formula 1 - Meal replacement

Balanced smoothie that allows you to replace the meal when you are in a hurry or to have a balanced breakfast.

Formula 1 bar - Meal replacement

 

Formula 1 bar which also allows you to replace meals when you are in a hurry or to have a quick balanced breakfast.

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