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Diabetes mellitus:symptoms and advice
Differences: type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitusType 1 diabetes mellitus is classified asautoimmune disease and involvesinsulin deficiency. Type 2 diabetes mellitus does not involve insulin deficiency like type 1 and therefore the individual who suffers from itit is not insulin dependent. It is usually treated with adjustments to thediet and with the increase ofphysical exercise but if all this were not enough, then we resort to the administration of drugs such as insulin..
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The most common symptoms of an individual with diabetes are:
- Feeling tired
- Blurred vision
- Continue thirsty
- Unmotivated weight loss
- Frequent need to urinate
- Slow wound healing
- High blood sugar - & gt; hyperglycemia which involves a high amount of sugar in the bloode)
When and how they arise?
Diabetes mellitus 1Type 1 diabetes mellitus occurs under i20 years, during puberty, and usually starts suddenly and magically appears over weeks or months.
Diabetes mellitus 2On the other hand, type 2 diabetes mellitus can occurat any age but taking a look at the statistics it emerges that it develops more in adults from 35 to 40 years. Unlike type 1 diabetes mellitus, it begins very slowly and takes years to develop symptoms. Even when it does give symptoms there is the possibility that they are so mild that the individual does not perceive them as a real problem and sometimesdiagnosed to patients who have performed other types of laboratory tests.
Correct diet for diabetics: advice for various cases
Nutrition in the life of the diabetic is essential. The individual must follow a balanced diet in order to have a correct lifestyle. Its weight should approach theideal weight, also calledBMI Body mass indexa) and it is calculated in this way:BMI m / h²² Simplification and example: body mass of an individual, example 70 kg,divided by the height squared - & gt; example1.75m² 3.0625 Our example has body mass index 70 / 3.0625 = 22.857 Once you have this number:22.857 (that we remember being the body mass index we just have to consult thea reference table which allows us to understand which weight category we belong to.
What emerges from our example?Our hypothetical male individual is within the optimal weight for his height and body mass and therefore does not have to make major changes. Let's take another example with an individual not in optimal weight: Body mass:90 kg Height:1.65 m IMC 90 /1.652.7225 = 33.057 Observing the table and assuming that the individual in question belongs to the female sex, it emerges that he is in a situation of1 degree obesityo. To get closer to your target weight, you can follow onelow-calorie diet, which involves a daily caloric / energy intake lower than that required by the body.
As soon as the number of calories to be consumeddaily which allow the individual to lose weight gradually, the caloric share must be divided into three meals and two snacks, for example:Breakfast -Snack -Lunch -Snack -Dinner From a quantitative point of view, the caloric share must be divided into:50% ofcarbohydrates that we can findin bread, pasta, rice, fruit etc. 30% offat 20% ofproteins that we can findin milk, meat, legumes, etc.
- To check isto limit the assumption ofdesserts, such as cookies, candies, honey, cakes that contain high amounts ofsimple sugars
- Prefer foods rich in fiber that allow us toslow down the absorption of simple sugars, keeping blood glucose more stable
- To consume in moderate quantities thefruit and prefer the fresh one over fruit juices, which are full of simple sugars
- To consume in moderate quantities also ifat (example of very fatty foods: cured meats, sauces, fried foods, ice creams, etc.) since they represent a problem in case ofoverweight
Regarding Herbalife products?
Diabetes sufferers can also take them?There is nothing against it but clearly theAdvice that we give is toto consult your doctor or your dietician and askexplicitly whether or not he recommends using smoothies rather than meal replacement bars.
Formula 1 bar that also allows you to replace the meal when you are in a hurry or to have a quick balanced breakfast.