BULIMIA (bulimia nervosa):Recognizing symptoms and signs

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BULIMIA (bulimia nervosa): Riconoscere sintomi e segni
Bulimia is characterized by repeated bouts of cravings and increased food intake(power connections), followed by self-induced vomiting. As a rule, such attacks take place in complete secrecy. A deep sense of shame after such an attack is one of the main reasons for hiding the disease from your best friends. Another hallmark of bulimia is being mentally occupied almost permanently with everything to do with food, calories, body weight, diet and figure, etc. Bulimic people can be underweight, normal or overweight, but they usually have an ideal very slim body. Mixed forms between bulimia and anorexia are common. A deep sense of shame causes those affected to hide their disease for a long time and become socially isolated. Often, depression of varying severity and SVV self-aggressive behavior, that is, the deliberate addition of cuts, wounds or other injuries, eg. due to feelings of self-hatred..

Symptoms

Disturbances in body image

Even in bulimic patients there is a disturbance in the perception of their own body. Even though they have lost a lot of weight over the course of their illness, they overestimate their body circumference and think they are too fat.

Eating behavior changed

The disease is characterized by repeated bouts of food cravings(bingeing attacks), usually followed by self-induced vomiting. In binge attacks, foods that are rather taboo are usually selected: mostly foods rich in fats and carbohydrates. Up to 50,000 calories can be ingested in such an attack. The frequency of food and vomiting attacks varies from 1-2 to 20 per day. Equally variable is the duration of a single attack. Periods of extreme fasting often alternate. As a rule, such attacks occur in secret and are often not perceived by the partner or family member under any circumstances or very late. The range of feelings involved is enormous: orgasmic pleasure and highest satisfaction and deep depression and a sense of failure can alternate. A deep sense of shame is one of the main reasons for hiding the disease from your best friends. Often it comes to the point oforal robbery of the food supplies of the family or the community: there are cases in which enormous debts are incurred for the purchase of industrial quantities of food. Vomiting can also occur after eating a large mealnormal.

Psychic changes

Another criterion for bulimia is to be mentally occupied almost permanently with everything to do with food, calories, body weight, diet and figure, etc. Bulimic people can be underweight, normal or overweight, but they usually have an ideal very slim body. Two strong aspirations determine emotions: undeveloped food and the desire to stay thin or become thin. Bulimia is the solution to inherently incompatible inner goals. In almost all cases, the feelings of those affected are strongly influenced by the bulimic behavior. It is often not clear which feelings and emotions caused bulimia, and which ones arose from it. Very characteristic for women with bulimia, but also for other forms of eating disorders, is low self-esteem, which is often burdened by many years of additional symptoms.

Drug abuse and addictive behaviors

In addition to self-imposed vomiting, other means are used to prevent the fattening effect: laxatives, appetite suppressants, fasting periods, diuretic water pills, thyroid medications and more. The circumstances accompanying the disease can also lead to the development of a drug, alcohol addiction or borderline personality disorder. Of course, as stressful relationships can trigger and sustain bulimia, bulimia can also strain and often destroy one's relationships.ni.

Physical changes

Bulimia, depending on the extent of the symptoms, has significant physical consequences: electrolyte imbalance from vomiting, abuse of laxatives and malnutrition, enlargement of the salivary glands(chubby cheeks), dental defects and enamel corrosion, often alternating diarrhea and constipation, Russell's marks on the back of the hand from the rubbing of the incisors on the skin. What to do See a psychologist Follow a regular diet e e a healthy lifestyle

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